Dhahran is located 6 miles (10 km) west of Khobar. Dhahran, with Dammam and Al Khobar, forms the Dammam Area.
The eastern province is a flat desert plain with a width of 80 km and a length of 1200km,
covering a distance from the north of the Kuwaiti border to the Rub'Al Khali in the south which is the largest desert in the world.
The eastern province sprawls over an area of 778,500 square kilometers, constituting 36% of the kingdom.
It borders Kuwait to the north, Bahrain and Qatar to the east and UAE and Oman to the south.
Daytime temperatures from Apr to Oct regularly rise above 40° C with a fair degree of humidity, especially in August and September.
In winter (December and January) temperatures drop to around 18° C during the day and 10° C at night.
Rainfall is negligible all year round.
The eastern province's main cities including Dammam Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Qatif, Saihat, Safwa, Rahima, Jubail, Sefania, Khafji,
Ras Tanura and Hofuf are linked by a modern network of highways built with the latest technologies as well as a modern railway
which carries goods and passengers to/from Dammam to Riyadh. Dhahran was the site of the headquarters of what was Aramco
(the Arabian American Oil Company). For obvious reasons, it is also the site of the King Fahd Petroleum and Minerals University.
Dhahran is served by one of the Kingdom's three international airports, a construction of outstanding architectural beauty
which combines traditional Islamic design with the most modern building technology. Dhahran International airport is situated
between Dammam and AI Khobar. A new International Airport closer to Jubail is due to open in the near future.
The city of Dammam has two industrial areas which play host to a number of factories, companies, establishments and producing
various light and heavy industrial items. The greatest parts of basic industry products are exported to various countries in the world,
due to the increasing investments made by the foreign companies in this sector, the Saudi Basic Industries' Co. "SABIC", the parent
company of all companies producing petrochemicals, chemical fertilizers, industrial gases, steel and iron, increased the capacity of
its companies through the expansion of factories and development of production methods. These steps were taken in response to the policy
of the government of Saudi Arabia aiming at introducing and developing non-oil economic industries.
The Dammam based King AbdulAziz Port serving the commercial and industrial sectors became one of the largest ports in the Arabian Gulf.
Nevertheless, the eastern province has several attractive amusement parks in the cities and on the coastal road,
the commercial and residential complexes, the international restaurants introducing international cuisines became very popular with
the neighboring countries. All this truly reveals the eastern province's standing which is the outcome of inspiration from traditions
of past, an affirmation of its present position and forecasting the future.
What to see
- The Saudi ARAMCO Exhibition Centre
- Half Moon Beach
- Dhahran Wildlife Haven