Jizan, or more properly Jazan, was known in ancient times as Almikhlaf Alsulimani. Jizan area consists of fertile plains,
forests and mountains. The fertile plains, which extend behind the coastal swampland, have been created by the alluvial deposits
brought down from the mountains by river and flood. The forest region (the Alhazoun district), which is also subject to flooding,
consists of forest interspersed with some areas of rich pasture. The mountain region is part of the Al sarawat mountain range which
constitutes the jagged backbone of the Arabian Peninsula. The highest peak in Jizan is the Fifa Mountain which rises 11,000 feet.
Jizan is one of the Kingdom's richest agricultural regions, remarkable for both the quality and variety of its agricultural produce.
It is notable for its production of coffee beans, grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, lemons,
mangoes, oranges, papayas, plums and tamarinds).
Geography & Location
West of Abha on the tropical Red Sea coast is the town of Jizan, located in southwestern Saudi Arabia. Jizan covers an area of 40,000 square kilometers, including some 5,000 villages and cities. Attached to it are 100 islands, including the important island of Farasan. Jizan is the third most important seaport on the Red Sea. The Jizan region runs along the Red Sea coast for almost 200 miles (300 km) and includes some 100 islands.
The weather in Jazan is hot in the summer and mild in the winter. The average temperature throughout the year is 25-23 Celsius. The province can be windy during the summer months with winds reaching an average 25 km/h. The average rainfall is 45-100mm per year.
In Gizan, there are tens of archaeological sites of various cultural periods varying from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic,
and from the early Islamic to the present century, in addition to a variety of petro , ancient inscriptions mining sites and
antiquities of early Islamic period such as mosques, ports, castles and watch towers. The region's historical cities include:
Asir city, Qalaat Abi Arish, Upper Jizan, Jabal Jahfan and Qalaat Alasilki, which was formerly the headquarters of Turkish rulers.
Located on an ancient caravan route, Jazan city is currently witnessing tremendous economic, educational, cultural and healthcare development. It is famous for its scholars, poets and men of letters and is the headquarters of the Governor, local councils and branches of governmental departments. There is an interesting traditional souq in Jizan. Jizan is today a developing port.
The area's tourist landmarks include: Buqaat Al Farar, Buqaat Marouh, Buqaat Heran, Al Meriah and Al Makhafa in addition to the
Al Absiyah Fortress antiquities and the agricultural plateaus of Shat Al Sabaya. A visit to the Jazan region must include the
Farasan islands in the Red Sea, which forms an archipelago with nearby pearl-rich islands. These islands are situated in the
southeastern part of the Red Sea and to the southwest of Jazan city.
- Gizan Harbor
- Faifa Mountains
- Farasan Island