Jubail Industrial City
This massive industrial complex on the Arabian gulf, along with Yanbu, its twin on the Red Sea, stands as a symbol of the government's
vision of Saudi Arabia's future development. The Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu was established to plan and administer
all installations in these two "cities." An ancient center of the Eastern Province and a caravan junction, the city of Jubail was
famed for pearling. Located near the oil producing area, it was found suitable as the site of the world's largest petrochemical complex.
Jubail industrial city has been divided into five zones:
1. The Industrial Zone has nineteen main factories with 136 ancillary installations, and produces steel, aluminum, plastic and fertilizers under the supervision of the Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC). This zone covers an area of 8,000 hectares, or approximately eighty kilometers. In catering to diverse needs, SABIC leases fully developed and fully equipped industrial sites at nominal rents.
2. The Residential Area is composed of eight localities built on an adjacent island linked to the mainland. There are 40,000 inhabitants. The area has the capacity to accommodate 375,000 people in modern up-to-date houses.
3. The Airport Area, covering an area of 250 kilometers, has the capacity to receive all types of aircraft and handles the transportation of passengers and freight.
4. The Picnic Zone, situated to the West of the industrial zone, covers an area of 204 kilometers. To the residents of the city, it is an invaluable recreation area. It encompasses verdant sites, playgrounds and facilities for water sports. The zone is set among abundant trees and rare plants.
5. Al-Batwah Island is affiliated with Jubail Industrial city. A picnic site with a park and a zoo, it features plant nurseries, fishing sites and a marina.
The main projects in Jubail as well as Yanbu supervised by SABIC are the following: Education in Jubail Industrial City
1.The Saudi Iron and Steel Company (Hadeed)
2.The Saudi Methanol Company (Al-Razi)
3.The Jubail Fertilizer Company (Samad)
4.The Jubail Petrochemicals Company (Kemya)
5. Saudi Petrochemicals Company (Sadaf)
6.The National Methanol Company (Ibn Sina)
7.The Arabian Petrochemicals Company (Petra-Kemya)
8.The Oriental Petrochemicals Company (Sharq)
9.The National Industrial Gas Company (Gas)
10.The National Plastics Company (Ibn Hayyan)
11.The Saudi-European Petrochemicals Company (Ibn Zahr)
12.The Saudi Chemical Fertilizer Company (Ibn Al-Bitar)
SABIC's investment in these projects amounts to SR33.5 billion. The Saudi Consolidated Electric Company (SCECO) supplies
Jubail Industrial City with 6,000 megawatts of electricity. Communication links within the Kingdom and abroad have been
effected through microwave axial cables and a telex network.
The Institute of Royal Commission for the Development of Human research trains its students in scores of skills that fill the needs of its industries. The Institute enrolls 650 students annually in its lecture halls, training classrooms and fully equipped laboratories. It provides residential quarters for students and professors alike. As a more basic level, there are kindergartens, general schools and language schools where Arabic is taught to non-native speakers at a pre-secondary level. To cope with the special nature of the industrial cities, the Royal Commission prepares tailored syllabi for its students, which reinforces the Syllabi issued by the ministry of education.
Health care in Jubail
The Royal Commission has established hospitals, primary care clinics (10), centers for environmental health, vocational health, health awareness and training schools for first-aid and epidemic control. Juwailan hospital in Jubail, with its 200 beds, is capable of dealing with all aspects of health care. Fully computerized, it contains specialist dietary and alternative medicine clinics in addition to quarantine wards. The medical needs of the community can be said to be fully covered.
King Fahd Industrial Port
Jubail has a complex of ports for different import and export needs. The largest is King Fahd Industrial Port, situated north of the industrial corridor. Nine kilometers in length, it is made up of nine berths, two storage yards and numerous service platforms. It contains a marine loading station for tankers that is four kilometers in length. A berth is reserved for petrochemical products and one station for the loading and unloading of iron ore.