Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah is the second holy city to Muslims after Makkah Al-Mukkaramah. It has also got many other names such as Taibah,
Yathrib, the City of the Messenger, and Dar Al-Hijra (i.e. Home of Immigration). It is the city whose people supported Prophet Mohammad
(peace be upon him) when he immigrated to it from Makkah. It comprises the Mosque of the Prophet, his grave, the Islamic University, King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Quran and many archaeological Islamic features. The first mosque of Islam is also located in Madinah and is known as Masjid Al Quba.
Madinah (Almadina Al-Munawara) the light city is the city of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and also his burial place.
It was the first Islamic City to support the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and it joined him in fighting decisive battles
which were instrumental in the victory of Islam and its subsequent spread. This is the city of the "Ansaar" (Supporters) and their
brothers the "Muhajireen" (Emigrants), who together formed the first Islamic army which entered Makkah in triumph eight years after
the Prophet's "Hijrah" (Migration). It was a city which loved the Prophet, and which he in turn loved. On its soil he built his sacred mosque, and it was here that he was buried.
Madinah was also the city of the "Khulfaa Rashiduun"(Are the ones who came after the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him)
Who shouldered the responsibility of Jihad, or holy struggle, fighting against renegades and propagating Islam in the countries
surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. It was the seat of the first Islamic state, and witnessed the Prophet's companions administering the affairs of the Moslem community,
compiling the Holy Koran, and dispatching armies to Persia, Syria and Egypt.
To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet's city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract
every pilgrim to visit it. There is neither Ihram or talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet's Mosque. The Prophet had
great love for this city. He once said that
THE HISTORY OF THE MADINAH
Al Madinah Al Munawwarah before the Prophetic Hijrah Sources and references agree that Al Madinah before the Prophetic emigration was not an integrated urbanized city from either the population structure point of view or architectural point of view. The first inhabitation in the area was by Yathrib Bin Mahlaeil, the Amaliqide, whose pedigree is tracked back to Shem son of Noah, as mentioned by Al Zajahi. The first aggregation was in Adham area as mentioned in Wafa Al Wafa, which the area is known by the name Al Uyun (springs).
On Monday, 8th Rabia I, corresponding to 20th September of the year 622 A.D. the Messenger arrived at Al Madinah, and people welcomed him with songs. That was a distinct day in the history of Al Madinah, when the noble Messenger familiarized between the hated hearts and fraternized between Emigrants and supporters, and he built his Mosque, which became the center of the Capital of Islamic State, and the Center of command for the armies of conquest.
Places to Visit in and around Madinah Al-Munawara
Historical Sites & Mosques in and around Madinah Al-Munawara
- Martyrs of Uhad
Mountains in and around Madinah Al-Munawara
- Masjid Quba
- Masjid Juma
- Masjid Qiblatain
- Masjid Musallah / Masjid Ghumana
- Masjid Suqya